- (1079–1142)Theologian.Abelard was born at Pallet, near Nantes in France. He attracted large audiences to his theological lectures at the Cathedral Schools of Paris. After his love affair with Héloïse, the niece of Fulbert, Canon of Notre Dame, he was forced to retire, initially to the monastery of St Denis. His book Theologia Summi Boni (c. 1120) was condemned at the Council of Soissons in 1121, but by 1136 he was teaching again in Paris. In 1140 some of his doctrines were condemned at the Council of Sens, St bernard of clairvaux leading the movement against him. Abelard immediately appealed to Innocent II, but the Pope confirmed the Council’s decision. Subsequently Abelard withdrew, and he died at the Priory of St Marcel, Chalon-sur- Saône. Abelard’s other works include his defence Theologia Christiana (c. 1124), his own history Historia Calamitatum, his ethical treatise Scito Te Ipsum and his dialectical anthology Sic et Non. He is remembered for his tragic personal life and for his doctrine of the atonement, which he expounded in his commentary on the Epistle to the Romans. He argued that Jesus’s death effected atonement not because it was a ransom paid to the devil or the repayment of a debt due to God, but because it inspired love in the sinner. Thus its value was exemplary rather than propitiatory.■ B. Radice (ed.), The Letters of Abelard and Heloise (1974);■ D.E. Luscombe, The School of Peter Abelard (1969).
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Abelard, Peter — • Dialectician, philosopher, and theologian (1079 1142) Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006 … Catholic encyclopedia
Abelard, Peter — (Pierre Abelard) (1079–1142) Perhaps the most famous man in Europe in his own lifetime, Peter Abelard was a renowned teacher, philosopher, theologian,writer and lover, as famous for his celebrated affair with HELOISE as for his provoking… … Encyclopedia of medieval literature
Abelard, Peter — born 1079, Le Pallet, near Nantes, Brittany died April 21, 1142, Priory of Saint Marcel, near Chalon sur Saône, Burgundy French theologian and philosopher. The son of a knight, he abandoned his inheritance to study philosophy. He became private… … Universalium
Abelard, Peter — (Abaelard, Abailard 1079–1142) French scholastic philosopher. Born near Nantes, Abelard lived a hectic life, quite apart from the misfortune he incurred as a result of his romance of 1118 (for the details of which, see Héloïse ). He was educated… … Philosophy dictionary
Abelard,Peter — Ab·e·lard (ăbʹə lärd ) also A·bé·lard (ä bā lärʹ), Peter or Pierre 1079 1142. French theologian, philosopher, and composer whose nominalist application of the principles of ancient Greek logic to the doctrines of the medieval Catholic Church led… … Universalium
Abelard, Peter — See Twelfth century ( … History of philosophy
ABELARD, Peter — (1079 1142) medieval philosopher and theologian best known for his tragic love of Héloise. His philosophy, CONCEPTUALISM, rejected both REALISM and NOMINALISM by suggesting that UNIVERSALS require real things for their existence. His views… … Concise dictionary of Religion
Abelard — Abelard, Peter … Philosophy dictionary
Peter Abelard — Peter Abelard † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Peter Abelard Dialectician, philosopher, and theologian, born 1079; died 1142. Peter Abelard (also spelled Abeillard, Abailard, etc., while the best manuscripts have Abaelardus) was born in the… … Catholic encyclopedia
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